‘World Laws and Causes of Prostitution.’

Image

  Green– Prostitution legal and regulated

  Blue– Prostitution legal, but not regulated; brothels are illegal;

  Red– Prostitution illegal

  Peach– No data

Prostitution as we have come to understand it in the course of this investigation has many views and perspectives from the religious to the social. In this post we shall reveal the causes of prostitution exploring the differences and the legislation that has been put in place regarding it in countries around the world.

Countries all over the world have different cultures, beliefs and ways of life and it helps to learn and appreciate these differences to see how the world operates as a whole. As already briefly pointed out in previous blog posts prostitution here in the UK is legal to a certain extent, as long as there are no ‘pimps’ involved and the lead cause of student prostitution is popularly to fund a life style. However it gets interesting when one learns the causes of prostitution in other countries in the world because the differences reveal how different people are in different places.

The first example is Cuba. According to Canadian photo-journalist Andrew Lindy in his video documentary, ‘Cuba Prostitution Documentary’, prostitution in Cuba is not frowned upon but rather is seen as normal transaction between two or more people. He further explains that the Cubans are a very nice people and that prostitution in Cuba is caused by poverty. Very few people can afford to go to school and there are very little to no jobs in the country. Hence some women use prostitution to fund their school fees which was believed at first to be the same reason student prostitution was beginning in the UK.

In America however prostitution is illegal in 49 of 50 states and is usually classified as a misdemeanour. Nevada is the only state that allows licensed brothels. The main cause of prostitution similar to the UK is most to fund a lifestyle but in some cases involves trafficking, drug addiction and surprisingly poverty. These two countries so far show that there are other underlying themes behind it and reveal that the cause of student prostitution can’t just be attributed to one sole cause.

In African the main story is similar to that in Cuba, many African countries have the lead cause to be poverty. Prostitution in Africa is described as a means to survive with no cases of it being a way to fund a lifestyle. In South Africa it has been illegal since 1957 however in 2010 in connection to the World Cup there were calls for it to be legalised and legislated as a way to control the spread of HIV and AIDS. This faced a lot of opposition as prostitution in most parts of Africa is stigmatised.

There are very few countries in Africa were prostitution is legal, like in Cote D’ivoire where the exchange of money for sex is allowed according to Article 634 of the Ethiopian Penal Code.Nigeria is also one of these few countries where it is legal in fact a bill was passed by Deputy-vice President Ike Ekweremadu however though legal or not, prostitution in Africa is mainly caused by poverty is the reason why Africa has the highest percentage of the AIDS disease.

In Asia it varies because there is a difference in terms of law and practice. The law disapproves it but in practices it is tolerated but socially frowned upon. A key point to note is that there is a double standard as men are allowed to acquire to services of a prostitute but the prostitutes themselves are stigmatised. The main cause is poverty but there are fewer cases of it in Asia than in Africa.

Prostitution is a touchy issue which when looked at from a world stand point we can still see the stigma associated with it. Though the causes of it worldwide may vary one thing remains the same, prostitution has been there for a long time and seems like it is not going anywhere anytime soon. The reason why is not quite clear perhaps it is in the human psychology where the answer lays. Please do let us know you views by commenting below or alternatively emailing us at investigatestudentprostitution@gmail.com

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‘Student prostitution is caused by Laziness!’

Just as a doctor analyses a patient’s symptoms to try to cure their diseases/s, we so far have taken the same approach by uncovering a number of factors pushing students into prostitution to try to underpin where the problem is coming from. The following is a brief summary of these factors:

(High tuition fee prices, the present economic climate, the law not banning prostitution in the UK, the cost of living being too high, the lack of support for students from the universities, and prostitution being an option to begin with.(a quick fix to long-term problem) – moral degeneration.)

Though the list is very viable and brings up the surface ‘symptoms of this disease’ so to speak, one can’t help but question what the underlying push factors leading students to lease their bodies for money are.

We undoubtedly are presently living in information driven society where information in short, is money. So In essence students are going to universities to get this information (education) because it in turn will give them the money they require to survive. Hence we have students trying to acquire knowledge so they can get money but the information they need to make money costs money and this is where problems like student prostitution arise. Therefore to say student prostitution is caused by one factor like laziness (as pointed out by Student at Birmingham City University) is a misconception, it is a result of the inter-playing of a lot of factors, some of which we have already uncovered.

In an effort to discover the more indirect factors, as a group we made it a point to investigate media and technology to see how they both relate to this student prostitution scenario as they play too major a role in this information era we are living in. Firstly we have the introduction of the internet which has various things that can be said about it with regards to sex and selling it. For example the Internet has more sites to do with sex than education as seen in the following Google search results:

‘Keyword: ‘Sex’- 3,470,000,000 results. Keyword: ‘Education’- 2,860,000,000 results’

This coupled with the influences it has on our lives it is evident that the internet is in itself a push factor. The internet makes it easier for students to sell themselves as it has immense communicative power and is a platform hosting numerous websites that make the transition from student to prostitute really fast and simpler than parading on the streets in search of a sex customer. The internet coupled with technological advancement has introduced what is termed a ‘safer’ mode of prostitution we already talked about, phone sex, which is creating an environment conducive for prostitution.

With the advent of laptops with camera technology and online webcam sex-sites it has increasingly become so much simpler for students to consider prostitution as an option of quick money because they have tools at their disposal to make it happen. The words of Bill Clinton, after being asked why he cheated on his wife in this case illustrate why some students are turning to prostitution,

‘I think I did something for the worst possible reason, just because I could.’

The opportunity for prostitution is in the faces of the students at arms’ reach literally and some students have taken this route.

The media also according to Lucy Sherriff, of the Huffington Post website, (http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2012/02/29/increase-of-medic-students-working-sex-trade_n_1308790.html) glamorises prostitution to students by showing television shows like ‘The Dairy of a Call Girl’. She claims that this television show is to blame for the rise in numbers of medical student prostitutes because it portrays prostitution as a high-class and very rewarding career path. It is therefore clear that technology and media have a role in this problem which is being caused by many inter-playing factors.

In the forthcoming post we hope to find out more causes and what can and is being done to resolve this issue. Is it really an issue? How do we cut the problem at the roots if there are many causes, can one action take care of the whole problem? Does prostitution have a key cause? Please do let us know you views by commenting below or alternatively emailing us at investigatestudentprostitution@gmail.com

By Nigel Chapwanya